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Seven signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer

Health By Esther Muchene

When ovarian cancer develops, tumors begin to grow and take up some space in the abdomen Image: Shutterstock

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Cancer is an illness that has affected millions of people over the years and for this reason, there is great concern globally.

The different types of cancer include ovarian, kidney, prostrate and cancer of the bladder among others.

Patients usually go through a series of tests before treatments are administered. Depending on the symptoms someone is experiencing, a specialist is able to tell what type of cancer one is most likely suffering from.

When it comes to ovarian cancer, there are certain symptoms that one is likely to experience. Humans are generally used to certain bodily patters so when something feels off, it becomes a cause for concern.

Depending on the stage the cancer has developed to, there are certain things you should look out for. Below are some of the major signs and symptoms associated with ovarian cancer that you should watch out for before it’s too late.

  1. Abdominal pressure and pain

When ovarian cancer develops, one is likely to feel some discomfort in the abdomen. Since the cancer predominantly affects the pelvic area, this is where a lot of the discomfort is likely to be. When ovarian cancer develops, tumors begin to grow and take up some space in the abdomen. Because of this, patients begin to feel pelvic and abdominal discomfort.

  1. Rapid weight loss

Another major symptom of ovarian cancer is unexplained weight loss. People who start feeling off realize that the weight loss is not triggered by an obvious reason. Generally, people lose weight for many other reasons. If someone is dieting, experiencing eating disorders or experiencing some form of stress, the reason for the weight loss might be more obvious. However, if someone loses a rapid amount of weight within a short period of time, and without any apparent reason, it’s best to consult a doctor.

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  1. Menstrual changes

Changes in menstrual patterns are also one of the main indicators of ovarian cancer. People who have the illness can notice changes in their cycles as well as in their flow. Usually, the flow becomes heavier than usual. This change can even force someone to buy more pads than they usually do because of the need to constantly change them. If you start to notice that your menstrual changes are beginning to interfere with your daily life, consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Experiencing bleeding during menopause is a sign that you need to seek medical attention Image: Shutterstock

  1. Menopausal bleeding

For women who have already reached menopausal stage, you should be concerned if you experience spotting and bleeding. This is unusual because the ovaries have stopped being fertile and therefore don’t produce hormones such as progesterone and estrogen that cause mensuration. Experiencing bleeding when you have already begun menopause is a sign that needs medical attention.

  1. Painful sex

Experiencing pain during intercourse is also one of the signs of ovarian cancer. Generally, sex that is painful is not a good sign at all. When cells in the ovary become cancerous, tumors begin to grow. When anything comes into contact with the tumors, they became painful and irritated. For this reason, sex is likely to become painful if you develop ovarian cancer.

  1. Changes in bowel movements

Ovarian cancer can affect the digestive functions of the body. People who have been diagnosed with ovarian cancer have experienced different changes such as having the constant urge to urinate. These changes happen because the tumors have affected the bladder capacity causing someone to feel constantly pressed. Patients also feel bloated and constipated. These changes also occur because the cancer has likely spread to the gastrointestinal tract.

  1. Constant fatigue

Feeling tired occasionally is normal for anyone. However, when you are constantly tired and fatigued, or get tired easily, it could be a sign of ovarian cancer. When experiencing this symptom along with other signs such as changes in menstrual patterns and painful sex, it is best to get examined to make sure that you are not at risk of developing the illness.

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