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Interior decor: Four rules not to break in design

GalinTheHood By Michelle Langi

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Lines are among the seven basic elements of interior design. Lines define objects and spaces. They also create forms, shapes and dimensions in a space. There are different types of lines and here are the different ways they impact and contribute to the functionality and aesthetic appeal of a space.

Vertical Lines

Vertical lines run from top to bottom. They draw the eye upwards and create a “taller” than life illusion. When used in a small space they give an illusion of a tight cramped space. In interior architecture, vertical lines occur in windows, columns, door frames and pillars. In furniture and interior design they form free-standing cabinets, curtains and armoires. Using too many vertical lines in a space may result in a cold space devoid of warmth. For this reason vertical lines are best employed in offices, banking halls and churches.

Horizontal Lines

Horizontal lines are naturally more inviting than vertical lines. They make a space appear larger than it actually is. Horizontal lines form floors, ceilings and furniture forms like table-tops. They give a space expansive visual interest and form focal points.

Angular Lines

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These lines form corners or angles in a space. Diagonal and zig-zag are the commonly used angular lines. Diagonal lines symbolise movement, infiniteness and strength. They are more common in staircases, roofing structures and attic ceilings. Zig-zag lines can either be chevron, herringbone or flame stitch in nature. Architecturally zig-zag lines form staircases. Angular lines when used in moderation, add drama and pizzazz to a space without competing with other lines.

Curved Lines

Curved lines add grace, fluidity and beauty to a space. Curves, arches and elliptical forms in a building are more pleasing to look at. Curved lines form winding staircases, light fixtures and some furniture types. Too many curves in a space may be overpowering and dizzying to the eye. Good design employs all types of line in a balanced proportion to create harmony in a space.


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