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If your child is suffering from stomach pains or headache, nausea, fever and has blood traces in the urine, it could be worms.

To keep worms at bay, it is important for parents to ensure children practise safe hygiene by avoiding contaminated food and water.

Children should wash all fruits before eating and also properly use the toilet followed by cleaning of hands.

Also, when playing, parents should encourage children to put on shoes to avoid bilharzias, which spread through dirty water.

Parasitic worms are spread to humans through contaminated food and water. These small worms are usually barely visible to the naked eye, but the discomfort level and illnesses caused are varied in intensity and seriousness. An untreated worm infestation can even result in the host’s death.

Roundworms are mainly common in Coast and Nyanza while hookworms are found countrywide except in the extremely hot regions like Mandera, Wajir and Turkana.

Hookworm is the leading cause of maternal and child morbidity in developing countries of the tropics and sub-tropics.

Although worms mostly attack children, adults are not immune and it is important to exercise good hygiene.