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We are to blame for effects of climate change affecting our livelihoods

Health Opinion
 Improper garbage disposal leads to environmental problems. [Getty Images]

The adverse effects of climate change are increasingly evident in the agricultural sector, resulting in decreased income and heightened poverty levels among rural populations.

Extreme weather events, exacerbated by climate change, such as droughts, floods, and erratic rainfall patterns, disrupt agricultural activities, leading to crop failures and reduced yields. This not only undermines food security but also exacerbates poverty, as many rural communities rely heavily on agriculture for their livelihoods.

Furthermore, deforestation exacerbates the scarcity of water resources essential for agriculture, as forests play a crucial role in regulating rainfall patterns and maintaining water cycles. Without adequate tree cover, soil erosion worsens, water retention capacity diminishes, and the risk of droughts increases. Consequently, farmers struggle to irrigate their fields, leading to further crop losses and economic hardship.

The impact of deforestation extends beyond rural areas, affecting urban populations as well. Declining forest cover contributes to reduced water availability in cities, exacerbating water scarcity and threatening the well-being of urban dwellers. Moreover, deforestation disrupts ecosystems, leading to biodiversity loss and compromising the ability of natural habitats to provide essential services such as water purification and flood control.

Industrial pollution further compounds environmental challenges, with factories emitting harmful pollutants into the air and waterways. Air pollution from industrial emissions not only deteriorates air quality but also contributes to global warming and ozone depletion. Similarly, water pollution from industrial waste discharge contaminates rivers and ponds, posing serious health risks to communities reliant on these water sources for drinking, sanitation, and livelihood activities.

Addressing these environmental challenges requires concerted efforts from both the government and citizens. The government must enact and enforce stringent environmental regulations to curb deforestation, mitigate industrial pollution, and promote sustainable agricultural practices.

Additionally, public awareness and participation are crucial in fostering a culture of environmental stewardship and collective responsibility for safeguarding natural resources and ecosystems. By prioritising environmental protection and sustainability, communities can mitigate the adverse effects of climate change, preserve biodiversity, and ensure the well-being of present and future generations.

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