Teenage pregnancy becoming a national threat

Mariwa Mixed Secondary school female students during a crisis meeting over students' pregnancy rate in a picture taken on June 28,2017. A number of students are currently expectant in schools. [Photo: Denish Ochieng/ Standard]

After KCPE candidates sat their last paper on Thursday, Education Cabinet Secretary Amina Mohamed delivered what she termed shocking findings: nine girls had delivered babies during the exam period.

“A high number of candidates became mothers during the three days of KCPE. If this is the case all-year round, the country could be facing a real crisis,” the CS said.

The statement sparked conversation countrywide, with Kenyans taking to social media to express concern over what is now turning out to be one of the biggest headaches in the education sector.

“Who is impregnating these girls? And why are they not in prison for defilement?” asked Brenda Kochiel, a law student in Nairobi, on her social media platform.  

The responses tilted towards teachers and schoolmates. A number of people who had given birth in their teenage years confessed that they were either lured by their teachers or classmates.

“My physics teacher would call me in the lab and promise to make me feel good. I felt like he really cared for me, until I got pregnant and he got furious. He made me feel like I would be in deep trouble if I reported him,” said a mother in a comment.  

Even as the CS ordered ministry officials to liaise with relevant stakeholders to assess the magnitude of the teenage pregnancy menace; reports from stakeholders cast a grim reality.

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Statistics from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFP) indicate that between June 2016 and July 2017, 378,397 adolescents in Kenya aged 10 to 19 got pregnant. Organisations working on children issues say the number could be higher than reported. The organisations are now calling for a multi-disciplinary approach to end the vice that they say changes the dimension of childhood for the children involved.

Dr Nelly Bosire, an obstetrician/gynaecologist in Nairobi says having teenagers getting pregnant is lining them up for death.

“There are so many health issues involved. For most of them, their pelvises are not developed to deliver a baby. Younger mothers are also more likely to develop preeclampsia, which is the second leading cause of death among pregnant women,” she says.

Irene Ochieng’ whose 14-year-old daughter gave birth a few weeks to KCPE last year says teenage pregnancy is an interruption of life that can never be undone.

“My daughter spent four weeks in hospital due to pregnancy complications. She ended up scoring low marks and we had to take her back to Class Seven. For now, she puts motherhood first and school second,” she says.

After birth

The government emphasises on back to school integration after birth, but psychologists say there is more that needs to be done to ensure teenager mothers are actually learning.

Ken Ouko, medical sociologist and lecturer at the University of Nairobi says the pressure to mature and transition from a child to a mother is extremely stressful for teenagers. “They still need parenting, so you can imagine what it feels for them to be put in a position where they have to take up responsibilities their minds are not ready for. It can be very depressing,” he says.

He also notes that the stigma from communities where teenagers who have given birth or are pregnant are married off ruins childhood for the young mothers.

“Everywhere they go, they are socially unaccepted. For a young person, such rejection and stigma can change their perspective of life,” he says.

Elizabeth Muiruri, regional communications and media manager for Save the Children in East and Southern Africa says Kenya is losing a generation by not actively addressing teenage pregnancy.

“If the young people who should be going to school and strengthening the economy are taking care of children, then we may not achieve our development goals,” she says.

She adds that the erosion of community ties that enabled teenagers to return to school while other members of society helped in caring for the baby has meant that some teenagers have to drop out of school because there is nobody to help.

“Systems should be put in place that will ensure such young people get someone to take care of their children while they go back to school if they are to concentrate in class,” she says.

Dr Bosire says the curriculum needs to be strengthened so that sexual and reproduction issues are addressed candidly. She also says emphasis should be put on empowering teenagers to value their bodies so that they can understand how engaging in early sex can change their lives.

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KCPE candidatesCabinet Secretary Amina MohamedKCPETeen PregnancyUNFP