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Home or office? Study shows opinions about work after Covid-19

WORK LIFE
By World Economic Forum | August 1st 2021

A woman takes care of her baby as she attends to office work.[Getty Images]

Two-thirds of people around the world want to work flexibly when the Covid-19 pandemic is over, a new survey shows.

And almost a third are prepared to quit their job if the boss makes them go back to the office full time.

The survey of workers in 29 nations also shows people have coped better with homeworking than some feared.

There have been many predictions that the Covid-19 pandemic would permanently change the world of work.

According to a new global survey, that’s just what has happened, with a majority of people across the world saying they want to keep working flexibly from home.

An Ipsos survey for the World Economic Forum among 12,500 employed people in 29 countries found that a majority want flexible working to become the norm.

And almost a third (30 per cent) said they would consider looking for another job if they were forced to go back to the office full time.

The survey also challenges a number of dire predictions about the effects of remote working. Experts warned people would miss their co-workers, be less productive and become burned out — but the survey finds only minority support for these views.

Just over half of those questioned were missing their colleagues, 64 per cent said they were more productive with a flexible work schedule, and only a third complained of burnout.

Only one in three said they felt disengaged from work when working remotely. But a majority (66 per cent) said employers should allow more flexible working in the future.

Support for more flexibility was strongest among women, parents of school-age children, adults under 35 and those with higher levels of education and income.

The percentage demanding more flexible working was roughly similar among people with children aged under 17 (68 per cent) and those with no children (63 per cent). But not everyone in the survey wanted to work from home all the time.

Office nine-to-five anyone?

Globally, a quarter of people want to work in the office five days a week as soon as the pandemic is over, with the strongest support in Mexico (40 per cent).

More than a third of people in South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Peru, India, and the US also want to return five days a week. Among those favouring flexible working, the average number of days per week people want to work from home is 2.5.

People in China, Belgium and France are least keen, favouring just 1.9 days a week from home while people in India are the most enthusiastic, wanting 3.4 days. The survey highlights the shift to remote working caused by Covid-19.

Before the pandemic 53 per cent said they mostly or always worked in an office.

At the time of the survey, conducted between 21 May and 4 June 2021, that figure had dropped to 39 per cent.

The extent to which people are working mostly or wholly from home varies widely between nations from at least half of people surveyed in South America, Malaysia, Singapore and South Africa to 21 per cent in Russia and just 15 per cent in China.

Before the pandemic, fewer than a quarter (24 per cent) worked mostly from home globally.

Today, that’s risen to almost two fifths (39 per cent) with a further 22 per cent working outside their homes but not in an office. Three quarters (76 per cent) now working from home say it’s a consequence of Covid-19.

Even though a majority want to retain the work flexibility they’ve been given during the pandemic, many think it’s inevitable that they will be back in the office eventually.

Over a quarter of people (27 per cent) think it will happen within six months and a further 24 per cent within a year. Almost half of the remote workers in France, Saudi Arabia, the Netherlands, and Hungary expect to return to the office within six months.

However, a third or more of workers in Australia, South Africa and the UK don’t expect the world of work to return to the way it was before the pandemic — a view shared by almost a fifth (18 per cent) of the global workforce.

 

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