IMF’s hand in Uhuru decision to freeze new mega projects
SEE ALSO :IMF: SA’s economic recovery fadingHowever, few days later after the briefing in the same week, President Uhuru Kenyatta who has aggressively been going after corruption and wastage in Government, announced that all new projects would be frozen until those which are ongoing are completed. Normally, the Kenyan Government gives approval for the publication of any report by the IMF. The Fund’s Nairobi representative Jan Mikkelsen could not be reached on phone. “Under Article IV of its Articles of Agreement, the IMF has a mandate to exercise surveillance over the economic, financial and exchange rate policies of its members in order to ensure the effective operation of the international monetary system,” said the IMF in a statement. The Bretton Woods institution said appraisal of such policies involves a comprehensive analysis of the general economic situation and policy strategy of each member country. “IMF economists visit the member country, usually once a year, to collect and analyse data and hold discussions with government and Central Bank officials. Upon its return, the staff submits a report to the IMF’s Executive Board for discussion,” read the statement. It is the Board’s that makes the final decision, summarising its views and transmitting them to the country authorities.
SEE ALSO :IMF to aid in corruption investigationsGovernment has also, for a long time, frozen job recruitment and promotion save for those in critical areas such as health, education and security. On taxation the Government is keen on widening the tax bracket, sealing all leakages and removing exemptions. This even as the Government last week received a major set back on its fiscal consolidation policies after the High Court suspending the implementation of new tax measures that would have seen the State collect more excise duty from mobile money transaction, kerosene, Robin Hood taxes on bank transactions of over Sh500,000. Constitutional office Civil servants will also start paying for their pensions as the State moves to lighten its non-discretionary expenditure. This also includes salaries and allowances to constitutional office holders, debt redemption and payment on interests on debts, and subscriptions to international organisations. For years, civil servants have been enjoying pension without contributing towards their retirement. But starting January next year, 7.5 per cent of civil servants’ gross salary will be deducted as pension payment. This is part of Treasury’s efforts to implement an IMF-backed plan where the Government will cut back on its spending and increase tax revenues. Those targeted by the new scheme are mainstream civil servants, teachers and members of the disciplined forces. The Government, the sole con tributor to the civil servants’ retirement kitty, will contribute 15 per cent of the gross salary. The IMF also wants Kenya to abolish interest rate controls in what it believes will see the banks open up their vaults and extend credit to the households and small businesses. In the previous facility, the Fund expected the Government to significantly cut its budget deficit and ensure that public debt did not exceed 50 per cent. As a result Kenya was expected to undertake some reforms aimed at reinforcing public financial management, strengthening the monetary policy framework, mitigating financial stability risks, and upgrading data quality.