Lessons from Israel on recycling water to stem looming shortage
SEE ALSO :Water shortage hits hospitalThe report which sampled nine water service providers in the country attributed the loss to burst pipes, illegal connections, faulty meters, unmetered supply, and water wastage by consumers. The problem of leaks wastage and water scarcity are not only confined to Kenya as Seth Siegel paints a grim global picture in his masterpiece, Let there Be Water. Siegel warns of a looming global water crisis, which will climax with unrest in countries where the commodity can no longer be accessible and in less than 10 years lead to state failure. He says: “It is less a matter of if than when and validates this by quoting an intelligence report which is certain this will take place in less than a decade.” The partially declassified top secret report prepared by US-based National Intelligence Council, warns that the world is entering into a prolonged water crisis and predicts that countries important to the US and global security will be at risk of state failure. Siegel further warns that although water shortages will not occur everywhere, everybody will be affected and explains that about 1.5 billion people (20 per cent of world population) will be first victims of the world water crisis. The water problem is not a third-world issue because according to the author, world economic powers like China and India are already experiencing shortages that could soon have a major impact on their economies and politics.
SEE ALSO :Shortage of water worsens in Kwale“Depleted water supplies will pose a risk to the US and global food markets which will result in higher prices around the world. This has begun to happen in Brazil. The ability by key countries to produce food and generate energy will transform the world as we know it today.” The US is also suffering from the problem especially in western states which have reached a tipping point which will affect people’s lifestyles and food prices. It is estimated the world’s middle-class population by 2020 will have hit 3.25 billion who will demand daily showers, swimming pools green lawns fresh vegetables, fruits and flowers, leading to higher water withdrawal. More energy will be required to power their cars. It is not all gloom, for Siegel suggests that the world turns to Israel for solutions where owing to the country’s positioning in the desert, surrounded by hostile neighbours has developed some solutions. The country, where every drop of water whether fresh, used, saline or from the sewer is never to be wasted and technologies have been developed for maximum utilisation. The world will have to adopt quickly to some of the smart solutions already being applied in Israel where recycled sewerage water is more appreciated than rain because it is more reliable and predictable.