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Freemasonry: The society that has more secrets than answers

Freemasonry is one of the oldest, secular, that is, non-ecclesiastical fraternities in the world. [Caroline Kimutia, Standard]

The silence in the room is interrupted by knocks on the wooden door and piped music. Everyone in the room stands up. The doors open and three elderly men clad in black suites, bowties and white gloves walk in. The music gets louder. It sounds like a church organ is playing in the background.

The first man walks a few steps ahead of the other two. He is carrying a rod while the other two men walk into the room holding hands. After a few steps, the man walking ahead stops and turns around, he raises the rod and places it close to his chest, turns around and continues walking to the front. The other two men follow closely. When they get to the front, the two men bow to each other and proceed to the left side of the room. The man carrying the rod walks to a man seated on a high seat on the right side of the room, bows to him and taps the wooden floor using the rod. 

The music is still playing. Before sitting, the man who walked in holding a rod, walks to the centre of the room where three candles have been placed. After lighting each candle, he mumbles some words. He finishes, walks back to where the man on a high seat is and taps the floor with the rod. We all sit, and the meeting starts.

Although I can barely understand Danish, I follow the meeting by watching the body language of the speaker who read a text from a book and talks animatedly for about 15 minutes. For a foreigner like me, it sounds like he is preaching. 

Masonic lodge meeting

When an opportunity to experience the masonic universe presented itself, I quickly signed up for it. The Danish Masonic Guild of Old Free and Assumed Masons had an open day and one of the attractions for me was attending a lodge meeting where I toured the lodge and witnessed the Masons conduct some of their rituals.

Freemasonry is one of the oldest, secular, that is, non-ecclesiastical fraternities in the world. It is a secret society of men (and some women) who deal with the spiritual values of existence while trying to improve their own moral behaviour.

A lodge meeting is fascinating. Everything and everyone are a mystery. The rituals, the symbols, the chants, the dressing, and the passcodes. The room where the meeting is going on has writings and drawings on the wall. At the altar, in the centre of the room, there is a statue of a man holding a cross and before him, is a book that has a masonic compass and square placed on top.

Above the altar is the all-seeing eye which I am informed is a sign of providence. This is a common symbol used by Masons to represent the omniscience of God, a reminder that God sees everything. The all-seeing eye is also found on the US dollar notes. 

Freemasonry traces its origins to events around the building of King Solomon’s temple. [Caroline Kimutai, Standard]

Confessions of a former Mason

John Mark is a 50-year-old Kenyan who comes from a family of Masons. His father, a senior Mason introduced him to the society. In his family, Mark’s brother and brother-in-law are also Masons. By the time resigned as a Mason, he had practiced Masonry for eight years and was a Master Mason and Junio Deacon for his mother lodge.

“My father is a Freemason. I always knew I would join the fraternity at some point. I was proposed by my father and was interviewed to determine my eligibility,” he tells me. Apart from his family, his church Deacon was a fellow Mason who he frequently met in meetings. He says many clergymen are Freemasons.

Symbols and rituals

My curiosity increases when I walk into a room that looks like a library. Here, all sorts of symbols and tools are displayed. I notice symbols drawn from tools of stonemasons like the Masonic campus and square, trowel etc. These tools, Mark tells me, serve as reminders of some of the moral teachings of the order that are accompanied by rituals.

Freemasonry traces its origins to events around the building of King Solomon’s temple. In Masonry, “ritual” has two meanings. One meaning refers to a book containing the order of ceremonies and another meaning refers to some ceremonies/enactments which are a form of teaching. The reason for two definitions is because Freemasonry frequently uses old English, and the meaning of some words/phrases may seem at odds with modern English.

As I walk around the lodge, I notice some of the Masons are wearing aprons on top of their suits. This, Mark tells me is how Freemasons identify themselves as “speculative masons”, recognizing that their roots lie in “operative masonry”. As such, they utilize items commonly used by “operative masons”, including aprons and tools.

I also sought to understand the meaning of the candle lighting ritual during the meeting. “The candles represent the sun, the moon, and the Master of the lodge. The symbolism is just as the sun rules the day and the moon governs the night with order and regularity, so also must the Master rule and govern his lodge with equal order and regularity,” explains Mark. The candles remind the Master of his role during the meeting. After the meeting they are turned off because they are not needed.

Freemasonry, like many other private societies has secrets that are known to members only. [Caroline Kimutai, Standard]

Secret codes

Freemasonry, like many other private societies has secrets that are known to members only. “There is nothing unusual about that. My close friends and I have insider jokes and secrets that no one else knows or will understand,” Marks tells me.

In Masonry, codes and passwords are used for identification and access. This is like security passcodes, PINs or security/access systems. 

What happens if a person shares the secrets with non-Masons? I ask. “Nothing beyond disappointing a lot of people and being noted as untrustworthy. You maintain your honour by keeping the secrets you took an oath not to reveal to those not qualified to know.”

Unlike Kenya where it is not common for members to openly say they are Masons, in Europe, members are vocal and proudly say they are Masons. “The openness depends on the society in which you live in. In many societies (in the US and Europe), Freemasons openly identify as such. Their meeting places are also openly known,” notes Mark.

Levels of membership

I inquire if for one to be a Mason he must be wealthy. “Being wealthy is not a requirement. In fact, under some Masonic constitutions, you don’t even have to be employed,” he says.

There are three basic levels of membership and many more levels above those. These levels allow individuals to pursue their areas of interest and go up as far as they wish. The requirement for advancement depends on the constitution of the lodge and jurisdiction.

Grand lodges do not have exclusive territorial jurisdiction over a particular area. Jurisdiction means there are subordinate lodges in an area that are under the supervision of a particular grand lodge. Interestingly, grand lodges do not always recognize each other.

Every Masonic lodge has a Master, two Wardens, a treasurer and a secretary who are elected annually to serve for one year. To be a Master, one must meet a threshold of morality and must have conducted specific ceremonies. In addition to these officials, there will also be a Tyler, an Inner Guard, Stewards, and a Chaplain.

One of the mysteries is Freemasons don’t admit women. However, Mark explains that contrary to popular belief, there are grand lodges and individual lodges that admit women. “It is worth noting that not all Masonic jurisdictions allow women to be Freemasons. Women have been Freemasons from its earliest days. There are some jurisdictions that allow women-only lodges, men cannot visit the women’s lodge, and vice versa!”

Freemasonry requires each member to believe in God. [Caroline Kimutai, Standard]

Freemasonry and religion

Freemasonry requires each member to believe in God. However, it does not subscribe to a particular religion, and so does not require a member to believe in a particular God. “It is common knowledge that religion and politics are subjects that divide men. For the advancement of brotherhood, no discussions on those two topics are allowed.”

During initiation, there are lodges that ask new initiates to take vows using a book. Mark clarifies that the book used depends on the predominant beliefs of its members. Vows are taken on the relevant book of faith of a member like what happens in a court of law.

“Freemasonry is essentially a system of morality (moral living). The only departure is that it does not specifically subscribe to Christianity (or any other religion),” explains Mark adding that contrary to popular myths, Freemasonry doesn’t endow anyone with superpowers.

Human blood and sacrifice

As I conclude the interview, I ask about a common myth about the Masons; that they drink human blood, offer human sacrifice, and walk nude during meetings. “Those are myths. I have sometimes heard Freemasons encourage some other myths to create an atmosphere of intrigue!”

So why did Mark resign from Freemasonry? “Because members of my mother lodge had questionable morals and were not following the tenets of Masonry. But I miss the teachings and watching the ceremonies.” On the ceremonies, I agree with Mark. They are indeed fascinating to watch!