Large water companies lost water valued at Sh3,715,921,576 in 2018, an impact report by Water Service Regulatory Board (Wasreb) has revealed.
Smaller water firms recorded water losses valued at Sh157,946,338.
The massive water losses are attributed to leakages and illegal connections between the water source and the final consumers.
The losses were recorded even as it emerged that the firm's water distribution currently stands at 57 per cent, meaning that 43 per cent of their potential clients are yet to get piped water.
"There is need to employ systems to curb loss of water,” said Wasreb CEO Robert Gakubia during the launch of the report.
The report indicated that the water sector requires Sh100 billion annually to fast track distribution projects in counties and recommended that county governments support water companies with more resources.
In the report, Wasreb calls on the water companies to develop effective mechanisms to meet their distribution targets.
In the analysis, Murang’a Water and Sanitation company (Muwasco) was ranked most improved in water coverage, followed by Rukanga, Nyahururu, Kisumu, Tachasis, Kiambere-Mwingi, Isiolo, and Kibwezi-Makindu.
Among the counties that recorded low coverage in the year under review were Thika, Othaya,Mukurwe-ini, Meru, Tetu-Aberdare, Kilifi-Mariakani and Busia among others.
Counties with least water coverage were Taita Taveta (18 per cent), West Pokot (11 per cent), Vihiga (16 per cent) and Kitui (26 per cent).
Those with the highest water coverage were Nairobi (93 per cent), Lamu (85 per cent), Tharaka-Nithi (88 per cent), Nyeri (74 per cent) and Murang’a (52 per cent).
Sewerage coverage stood at 16 per cent, with the services available in urban centres in 32 counties.
Nairobi leads with 50 per cent sewerage coverage, Kisumu (49), Laikipia (36), and Nakuru (23).
The number of people connected to water countrywide increased by 80,472 in 2018, while, the hours of supply decreased from 14 to 13.
The number of sewer sanitation services however, is still available in only 26 counties.
The water regulatory agency said it is developing regulations for the non-sewered sanitation.
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