The state of HIV in Kisumu County
By okun oliech
| January 30th 2017
Women in Kenya are more vulnerable to HIV infections compared to Kenyan men, with the national HIV prevalence at 7.0 % for women and 4.7% for men as per the 2015 HIV Estimate report.
The high burden of HIV and AIDS in Kenya accounts for an estimated 29% of annual adult deaths, 20% of maternal mortality, and 15% of deaths of children under the age of five.
The epidemic has also negatively affected the country’s economy by lowering per capita output by 4.1%. Kenya has an estimated 71,034 new HIV infections among adults and about 6,613 new infections among children annually.
Kisumu County is among the top 4 counties leading in HIV prevalence in Kenya. According to the Kenya HIV Estimates 2015, HIV prevalence in Kisumu is 3.4 times higher than the national prevalence at 19.9%.
The HIV prevalence among women in the county is higher (21.2%) than that of men (18.3%) indicating that women are more vulnerable to HIV infection than men in the County.
Kisumu County contributed to 9.5% of the total number of people living with HIV in Kenya and is ranked the third highest nationally. By the end of 2015, a total of 144,303 people were living with HIV in the County with 22% being young people aged 15-24 years and 6% being children under the age of 15 years.
Approximately 501 children and 2,518 adults died from AIDS-related conditions in 2015. There was a decrease of 52% of HIV-related deaths among the children aged below 15 years and a decrease of 12% among adults aged 15 years and above since 2013 in the county.
The Kenya Demographic Health Survey 2014 revealed that 10% of women and 10% of men in Kisumu County had never tested for HIV. The survey also revealed that 65% of women and 82% of men had a comprehensive knowledge of HIV and AIDS.
On condom use, about 40% of women and 48% of men who had reported two or more sexual partners did not use condom during their last sexual intercourse (KDHS, 2014)
There is a need for the county government of Kisumu to Invest in HIV prevention and stigma elimination, with a special focus on adolescents and young people.
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