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How Covid-19 restrictions has wrecked motor vehicle sales and imports

By Benard Sanga | July 2nd 2020

Motor vehicles wait to be driven to bonded warehouses after being brought from the MV Grand Venus after the ship docked at the port of Mombasa loaded with more than two thousand motor vehicles. [File, Standard]

Car traders in Mombasa have been hit hard by the coronavirus pandemic which has led to fewer cars being sold since March this year.

The shrinking sales have sparked job losses and affected the logistics sector, which is heavily dependent on the local auto industry. 

The auto industry in Mombasa comes in two ways: One involves vehicles imported through the Mombasa Port and transported inland for sale; the other involves second-hand vehicles, including imported ones, sold in the showrooms across Mombasa island.

Both platforms employ thousands of workers. Since March, this trade has been devastated by the disruption of the supply chain with most cars being sourced from China.

Infections reported at the port which has occasioned movement restrictions have also exacerbated the gloomy scenario. 

At the same time, the National Transport and Safety Authority (NTSA) suspended its operations at the Coast in May after several of its outlets in Mombasa recorded Covid-19 infections.

Thus, many that were due for registration are still in stores.

Experts in the auto sector project that vehicle sales could pick up in November and December if the government loosens travel restrictions imposed on Mombasa and Nairobi to deter the spread of Covid-19.

Yesterday, car dealers in Mombasa said average sales of second-hand vehicles have dropped by at least five per cent since March when the State imposed the travel restrictions.

According to the Car Importers Association of Kenya (CIAK), most units that were brought in March and April are still unsold due to the Covid-19 disruptions.

“At the moment, units cleared through the port have dropped by 70 per cent and average monthly sales have gone down by five percent," said CIAK chair Peter Otieno.

He noted that the drop is attributed to the cessation of movement imposed on Mombasa and Nairobi counties, an economic slump, and strict protocols to contain the virus.

Mr Otieno projected that the sector will start to pick in August and stabilise in November and December if travel restrictions are lifted on July 6.

He said currently, 9,000 to 10,000 units are cleared at the port in a month, which is a drop due to the slowdown of the economy.

“The biggest problem is that our clients from Nairobi cannot come down to Mombasa. Drivers cannot also take the units to them because of travel restriction,” Otieno said.

CIAK noted in a statement that in 2018, the number of cars imported through Mombasa hit 24,123 per month. Before Covid-19 disruptions, the volumes had gone up by 15 per cent.

It also revealed that the government collected Sh162 billion from the sector in terms of taxes.

At least 1,200 custom agents were employed to collect the levies. Currently, however, several clearing and forwarding firms have closed shop.

“At least 34 per cent of all second-hand cars sold at the Coast are bought by people aged between 24 years and 54 years. Most have lost jobs because of the virus," Otieno said.

He said the collapse of the tourism sector has also affected the travel agency business.

In May, traders in East Africa successfully lobbied the government to classify car importers as traders dealing in essential goods.

This was done in order to open the port of Mombasa for them. The importers were allowed to hire drivers to transport vehicles stuck at the port to various destinations in the region.

This helped in the decongestion of the port. The Northern Corridor Transit and Transport Coordination Authority (NCTTCA) however decreed that such drivers must obtain certificates showing they are free of the coronavirus.

NCTTCA Executive Secretary Omae Nyarandi said after ferrying vehicles to their various destinations, the drivers are pooled together and transported back to Mombasa.

“Drivers must abide by the EAC administrative guidelines formulated on April 20 this year to facilitate the movement of goods and services during the Covid-19 pandemic,” said Nyarandi.

The Shippers Council of East Africa (SCEA), the lobby representing importers and exporters in East Africa, last Friday complained that delays in the issuance of Covid-19 certificate in Mombasa were impending its members' operations.

SCEA said that the Covid-19 test facility at Miritini in Mombasa lacked the capacity to test the drivers picking goods from the port and issue them with the certificate on time.

Yesterday, Otieno said players in the auto industry in Mombasa are optimistic that car sales will eventually pick and the sector will be rejuvenated again.


Covid 19 Time Series


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