Syria forces try to free last civilians from IS holdout

US-backed Syrian forces tried to negotiate the release of civilians still trapped Thursday in the Islamic State group's last redoubt, which the international coalition against the jihadists said faced "inevitable defeat".

The implosion of the jihadists' proto-state has left Western nations facing a dilemma over how to handle citizens who left to join IS.

Hundreds of people including women and children were trucked out of the last patch of IS territory on Wednesday, but the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said that a large number of civilians remained inside.

The evacuations were seen as a sign the SDF would soon retake the last scrap of the "caliphate" the jihadists proclaimed across swathes of Syria and Iraq in 2014, whether through an assault or a surrender deal.

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The Kurdish-led SDF, backed by the warplanes of the US-led coalition, have trapped the jihadists in less than half a square kilometre (a fifth of a square mile) in the village of Baghouz.

Coalition forces, to include the US, continue to support the SDF as they negotiate having innocent civilians released and their fighters returned with the inevitable defeat in Baghouz," coalition spokesman Sean Ryan told AFP.

There was no immediate comment from the SDF, which has previously identified the remaining civilians as mostly wives and children of IS fighters.

Thousands of people -- mostly women and children related to IS members -- have streamed out of Baghouz in recent weeks.

Food shortages

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Paul Bradley, from the Free Burma Rangers volunteer group, said people who fled the IS enclave the previous day painted a grim picture of life inside.

"They said the food situation was very bad," he said.

"They showed us this bread that's basically mashed up wheat with water burnt on both sides, $16 a kilo," he said.

"And sugar was selling for $60 a kilo inside, so the situation (was) very bad for them."

AFP correspondents on Wednesday saw at least 17 trucks carrying men, women and children out of the last patch of IS territory.

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SDF spokesman Adnan Afrin said most of them were civilians, but they also included IS fighters.

"Civilians and fighters from many nationalities have surrendered," he said, without naming specific countries.

"There are still large groups of civilians inside, as well as IS fighters."

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based war monitor, said Wednesday that negotiations were being held "for the surrender of the last IS fighters".

It said there were "reports of a deal" but the details were unclear.

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At the height of its rule, IS imposed its brutal interpretation of Islamic law on a territory roughly the size of the United Kingdom.

But the jihadists have since lost almost all their territory and hundreds of foreigners suspected of being IS fighters, as well as related women and children, are being held by the SDF.

Since early December, nearly 40,000 people have fled the area, according to the Observatory, which relies on a network of sources in Syria.

The SDF uses questioning, fingerprinting and retinal scans to identify potential jihadists.

Men suspected of belonging to IS are transferred to detention centres. Civilians, including wives and children of jihadists, are sent to camps for the displaced in northeastern Syria.

Camps 'overwhelmed'

Syria's Kurds have long urged their home countries to take them back, but nations have been reluctant.

US President Donald Trump said Wednesday he is barring a US-born former IS propagandist from returning home from Syria, whose conflict has killed more than 360,000 people and displaced millions since 2011.

Trump said on Twitter he has "instructed" Secretary of State Mike Pompeo "not to allow Hoda Muthana back into the country".

It came after a lawyer for the family of a teenager who fled London to join the jihadists when she was just 15 said Britain was expected to revoke her citizenship.

Shamima Begum, 19, is being held in a refugee camp in northeast Syria, and at the weekend gave birth to her third child.

Save the Children said Thursday that more than 2,500 foreign children from 30 countries who have fled the dregs of the "caliphate" are living in desperate conditions in camps in northeastern Syria.

The charity urged their countries of origin to "take action to ensure the safety of their citizens".

"They need specialised help to recover from their experiences and return to normality, together with their families," the charity said.

"This is impossible in overwhelmed displacement camps in a volatile war zone. The international community must act now before it is too late."

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Islamic StateSyrian Democratic ForcesSyria