Raila accuses Ruto of misleading Kenyans on tax debate

According to the Estate Duty Act Cap 483 of 1963, a tax known as estate duty shall be levied and paid on all property of which the deceased was at the time of his death competent to dispose of and all property in which the deceased or any other person had an interest ceasing upon the death of the deceased.

Quoting parliamentary Hansards, the ODM leader argued that even though the law did exist, it was repealed in 1982 and is no longer operational.

"The highest level of government appears to be relying on bad advice from incompetent or malicious staff with extremely poor judgment," he said.

Raila claimed that due to the government's "poor judgement" Kenyans have faced various challenges such as increased taxes, removal of subsidies on electricity, education and food, as well as the transfer of medical cover for some state officials from the publicly-owned National Hospital Insurance Fund to private insurance companies.

The Azimio leader explained that in 1969, Estate Duty Act Cap 483 of 1963 was amended to exempt Mzee Jomo Kenyatta's property from being subject to estate duty. In 1981, a further amendment was effected to exempt President Moi from payment of the tax.

Shortly after the passage of the amendment exempting Moi from the tax, Parliament repealed the law in its entirety through the Estate Duty (Abolition) Act 1982 which was assented to by President Moi on June 25, 1982, its commencement date being June 28, 1982.

Section 2 of the law provides that "no estate duty shall be levied or paid on property which passes on the death of any person dying on or after 1st January 1982."

"The parliamentary Hansard archives indicate that on June 9, 1982, then-Attorney General, Joseph Kamere, explained that the abolition of the Estate Duty Act was being proposed because it had become a big burden to the beneficiaries of the deceased," said Raila.

Kamere argued that the law had become "a big load to the beneficiaries of the deceased's property some of which had loans".

According to the Hansard, the repeal of this law got support from the likes of the late Martin Shikuku and then Minister for Lands and Settlement, G G Kariuki. They argued that the concept of collecting money from the deceased went against the cultural norms and beliefs of the people.

Raila's statement comes hours after the National Assembly Minority leader Kimani Ichung'wa stated that the government has commenced a fact-finding mission to identify individuals and companies that have been exempt from paying taxes since 2018.