Conservationists have criticised the Chinese government for lifting a 25-year-ban on rhino horn and tiger bone.
China lifted the ban on Monday under new regulations that allow hospitals to obtain the parts from commercially bred tigers and rhinos for "medical research".
Both local and international wildlife conservationists have, however, criticised the decision saying it will fuel cases of poaching and undermine efforts to conserve the two endangered species.
WildlifeDirect CEO Paula Kahumbu described China's decision as "chilling".
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“This news should chill you to the bone. Our work suddenly gets 10 times more difficult. The audacity of China is terrifying,” Dr Kahumbu said in a statement.
She announced that conservationists would petition China to reverse the decision.
The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) described news of China's decision as "devastating".
The fund said China’s 1993 ban significantly curbed demand for tiger and rhino parts from what has long been considered the worlds’ largest consumer market.
“This is really bad news for wildlife. We are urgently calling on China to maintain the 1993 ban on tiger bone and rhino horn trade and to extend it to cover trade in all tiger parts and products,” said WWF in a statement.
The organisation said lifting the ban would be detrimental to conservation efforts by fuelling demand for the products and increasing poaching of wild tigers and rhinos.
“China’s decision to reopen a legalised trade in farmed tiger bone and rhino horn reverses 25 years of conservation progress in reducing the demand for these products in traditional Chinese medicine and improving the effectiveness of law enforcement,” said Leigh Henry, WWF director of wildlife policy.
According to Save the Rhino, an international conservation organisation, at least three rhinos are killed in the world every day for their horn.
“They are living on the edge. It is time for this shocking statistic to be brought to an end. It is time for rhinos to thrive,” said Save the Rhino.
The Ol Pejeta Conservancy, Kenya's largest rhino sanctuary, described the lifting of the ban as "baffling".
“It is a huge step backwards for wildlife conservation. Although these products have no known medicinal value, the re-legalisation has been approved for medical use, and will no doubt place these highly endangered animals under ever more intolerable pressure,” said Ol Pejeta said in a statement.