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Africa’s digital landscape growing

By Chen Lei | November 21st 2020

For most of us, 2020 has been a year of almost dramatic and traumatic change. As individuals, our lives have been transformed; as businesses, our operating models have been revolutionised; and as a society, we have been shaken to the core.

Fortunately, many of the technologies that have helped us through the worst of the pandemic and the lockdowns, hold the key to success and prosperity in the post-lockdown era. The new ways of interaction that emerged this year – characterised by remote work, distance education, remote healthcare, online shopping and mobile money – will define how society works in future.

Across the economy the pace of change is already enormous. Last week, when we launched a 5G lab in Wits University, Prof Adam Habib, the Wits vice-chancellor, told us how Wits had moved completely online within three weeks during the pandemic – a process previously planned to take three years.

The move online has happened across society – not only in education but in workplaces, retail as well as entertainment – and this move will be permanent. This explains why data traffic soared by more than 40 per cent while digital services boomed across Sub-Saharan Africa.

African governments have responded quickly to the demand, releasing temporary spectrums and making policy recommendations, as the President’s 4IR commission has done in South Africa.

Some of these policy moves – recently announced by minister of communications, telecommunications and postal services Stella Ndabeni-Abrahams – have included a commitment to invest in human capital, establishing an artificial intelligence institute, setting up a platform for advanced manufacturing and supporting data security to enable innovation. Such policy moves should be encouraged, as they open the door for ICT companies to make greater contribution to social-economic development.

Governments can further enable ICT-led development through policies to ensure rapid deployment of infrastructure, lower the cost of spectrum, and provide tax relief to make smartphones more affordable.

Another strategy for building a better Africa through ICT is to invest in digital skills. According to GSMA, only 28 per cent of Africa’s 1.3 billion citizens subscribe to the mobile internet, compared to the global average of 48 per cent. Connectivity is not just about coverage and speed, but also usage and inclusion. We need to invest more in digital skills for people, to digitally empower them, so that they can use digital technologies not only for consuming others’ ideas but also to develop their own. For ICT to better play its role as growth accelerator and social equaliser, we need to connect more households and businesses, especially SMEs, and upgrade the digital infrastructure.

At Huawei we are constantly investing skills and infrastructure to firstly provide the networks and secondly give our people the ability to use them for their own upliftment.

We aim to bring digital to every person, home and organisation for a fully connected, intelligent world. In South Africa, one way we’ve been doing this is by employing Huawei’s AI to help customers predict and manage networks, improving operations efficiency by more than 30 per cent. In Angola, our digital power solutions have brought down energy costs at base stations by as much as 70 per cent, effectively reducing the carbon footprint of operators. Our software solutions can increase the efficiency of broadband connections to premises by 30 per cent while lowering costs by 40 per cent, which could bring more African households and businesses online.

In the Cloud and AI domain, Huawei’s newly launched South African local data centres provide public cloud services across the continent.

Huawei ICT Academies have been set up in more than 400 top universities in 17 African countries, producing more than 50,000 certified graduates.

-The writer is the president of Huawei, Southern Africa.

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