As the coronavirus matches on throughout the world, yet unchecked by a viable and available vaccine, Kenyans who previously were aggressively pursuing their dreams and aspirations are now on their knees, desperate for help. These people are not lazy.
They have worked hard throughout their careers to build solid reputations as productive, stable people who took care of their families (even the extended ones). They built businesses from the ground up and woke up early to grow their careers and businesses. Now they have been reduced to pleading for help just to survive and get by.
“Please see how you can help. Imagine we have no food,” read one text that I received this week from the teacher doing quite well before this crisis started. “Imagine I have ‘eaten’ all the float I had and I am now in debt and it’s still growing,” texted another friend.
On social media last week, a video was making rounds of a man walking in Nairobi’s Kilimani, which is usually safe to walk during the day.
SEE ALSO: Kenya's famed wildebeest migration begins without foreign tourist crowds
The man was accosted by knives and pistol-wielding young men who took his bag and money and sauntered away. What was more shocking was that this was happening right in front of a gate in broad daylight and the young men were not afraid.
Meanwhile, news reached us this week that former Prime Minister Raila Odinga had been flown to a German Hospital in the United Arab Emirates for minor surgery in his back.
“Jakom (Raila) is out of the country for a minor surgical operation on his back. It is not a serious health issue, but just a minor one. So, he’s okay,” his brother, Dr Oburu Oginga announced to the media.
This newspaper later reported that Raila had in fact been admitted to the International Hospital in the UAE to correct a problem with a nerve that affected one of his legs.
SEE ALSO: Virtual learning is here to stay, let’s be smart
Income inequality in Kenya has reached staggering levels as these stories demonstrate. There are a few Kenyans fortunate enough to have reserves so that they have rent and food that allow them to work from home for longer than others. The vast majority are those struggling to get these basic necessities.
According to Oxfam International, the gap between the richest and poorest has reached extreme levels in Kenya. “Less than 0.1 per cent of the population (8,300 people) own more wealth than the bottom 99.9 per cent (more than 44 million people),” they said on their blog, adding that the richest 10 per cent of Kenyans earned on average 23 times more than the poorest 10 per cent.
It has been predicted that the number of millionaires will grow by 80 per cent over the next 10 years, with 7,500 new millionaires set to be minted.
Perhaps keeping Mr Odinga’s plight in mind, I am aware that despite improvements in health status over the last decade, the government spends only 6 per cent of its budget on health. A quarter of the Kenyan population regularly lacks access to healthcare. A recent study estimated that nearly 2.6 million people fall into poverty or remain poor due to ill health each year.
This contributes to hopelessness and lack of faith in our institutions, encourages tribal and class hatred and drives communities further apart. It is important for us to be aware that inequality was created by the hands and sustained efforts of people who engineered benefits for themselves, to the detriment of everyone else.
SEE ALSO: Strategies to boost your online business sales
A major challenge that keeps the status quo in place is Kenya’s rather fickle middle class that operates like frogs in boiling water. The county government fails to collect garbage and gated communities organise private services.
The water services companies fail to provide water for people and developers dig boreholes as part of their development. Kenya Power fails us - especially when it rains and the middle class buys generators and power inverters. The government fails to provide healthcare and the middle-class resorts to more efficient and expensive private hospitals.
Unfortunately, the middle class in Kenya has literally been one crisis away from extreme poverty and for many, this is the case. As the Covid-19 pandemic has moved many businesses into recession and debt, many people have had to move to “gichagi” (upcountry) to save on rent and other expenses.
This pandemic presents us with the opportunity to re-engineer Kenya’s socio-economic status in a way that is more sustainable and equitable. We have an opportunity to ensure that services are delivered. Let’s start with health.
Why don’t we enact a law (public pressure is needed to create it) that requires all public servants to be treated in government hospitals only? This means from the president to the Chief Justice, from parliamentarians and MCAs, from teachers and policemen to tax clerks all would have to go to public hospitals. The law would require that everyone is treated exactly the same and that there should be no special considerations for anyone.
The fact is as soon as parliamentarians, Cabinet secretaries and other VIPs start experiencing the challenges of public hospitals, they will find lasting solutions to our health sector - and certainly, the health sector would not receive only 6 per cent of the budget.
Mr Kags is a serial social entrepreneur. [email protected]