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Comesa, partners agree to enhance trade in animal under AfCFTA

By Fredrick Obura | April 9th 2021

African countries have embarked on strategies to boost trade in animals and product under the African Continental Free Trade Area  (AfCFTA).

A meeting between COMESA Secretariat, member States and other Regional Economic Communities (RECs) discussed the integration of informal trade in animals and animal products into formal trade and access to information on available market opportunities and market potentials within the region.

Other matters discussed included trade complementarity and the need for creating value addition opportunities to create diverse markets within Africa and financing the animal resources sector to boost productivity and development of the sector.

The consultative meeting came up with a communique in which they called for the integration of AfCFTA-animal resources development strategies into national AfCFTA strategies.

This is in addition to identifying opportunities for investment along the value chains to enhance export capacity. They also called for the development of productive capacities in the animal resources sector to advance industrial competitiveness and economic transformation among several other recommendations.

Zambia’s Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Fisheries Dr Benson Mwenya who was represented by the Director of Animal Production Dr Chibwe Kaoma commended COMESA Secretariat for organising the meeting whose outcome is expected to help the region deepen trade in animal and animal products.

He pointed out that being a land-linked country, Zambia knows firsthand the struggles faced in trying to improve the livestock sector.

Lack of access to markets and market uncertainty for animal and animal products has kept the country’s livestock production and productivity stagnant,” he said. “The AfCFTA, therefore, allows our producers to increase livestock production and productivity and create more jobs especially for women and youth.”

According to the experts, many COMESA countries face similar challenges when accessing regional markets which include stringent SPS requirements, exotic quality standards, lack of market information, lack of linkages among enterprises in various countries, poor communication networks and inter-connectivity, lack of harmonised procedures and grading standards, transboundary animal diseases and competition from cheap imports from other regions.

To address some of these challenges, the COMESA Secretariat has been facilitating and coordinating the implementation of the Livestock Development Strategy for Africa (LiDeSA) and the COMESA Livestock Policy Framework in the region.

Assistant Secretary-General for Programmes Kipyego Cheluget says these policies are assisting the Member States to address some of the identified challenges.

“We are witnessing Member States increasing their attention to the agricultural transformation and enhancing value chains and expanding agro-processing and opening up their economies to domestic and international investments,” Dr Cheluget said in a statement presented by the Director of Agriculture and Industry Mrs Providence Mavubi.
He noted that the creation of the AfCFTA will play a major role in complementing COMESA’s efforts in creating greater market opportunities, triggering more trade and investment and allowing greater value addition.

The ASGP also mentioned the need to develop infrastructure such as animal source food processing plants, abattoirs, quarantines and laboratories, including strengthening surveillance system, early detection, reporting and containment of the problems in collaboration with other RECs.

African Union InterAfrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR) Officer in Charge Talal Kishlat also addressed the meeting and called for increased collaboration with Member States and partner organisations.

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