First mover advantage

No one remembers the second man on the moon; At least I don’t.

In business, being the first to do something has the strategic advantage of being known in the market as the pioneer.

It is this first-mover advantage concept that companies like Ford in automobiles, Gillette in shaving, and Coca-Cola in soft drinks enjoy.

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But Fernando Suarez and Gianvito Lanzollo authors of ‘The Half Truth of First Mover Advantage’ disagree with this concept.

They argue that first-mover advantage is dependent on the pace of market and technology evolution. That a slow pace of market and technology evolution favors first-mover advantage. 

When technology and markets evolve quickly, first-mover advantage is harder to gain. Think of Motorola, which created the world’s first mobile phone.

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It led the industry for about a decade. It only undoing was letting others innovate around it. First came BlackBerry, which quickly became a must-have gadget for every professional.

Today, both Motorola and BlackBerry are technology has-beens, surpassed by the likes of Samsung and Apple.

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Then came Steve Jobs who exploited the late-mover advantage. After noticing that all cell phones on the market stank, he set out to build what users want. 

Here’s my question; between first-mover and late-mover, which has more advantages?  

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