Sudan now threatened with sanctions as crisis continues

A protester flashes the victory sign, as others block a road during a protest, in Khartoum, Sudan, Monday, June 24, 2019. The United Nations' top human rights official is urging Sudan's military rulers to allow her office to investigate a deadly crackdown on pro-democracy protesters. [AP Photo/Hussein Malla]
A top US State Department official who deals with Sudan has said that Washington is considering all options, including possible sanctions, if violence continues after a deadly assault on protesters in Khartoum early this month.

“We’re looking at all options, including sanctions down the line should there be any kind of repeat of violence,” Makila James, deputy assistant secretary for East Africa and the Sudans, told a US House of Representatives hearing.

She said they could include visa sanctions or economic sanctions. “We want to use the right tool and we want to target the right people,” James said.

Sudan’s ruling generals and an opposition coalition have been wrangling for weeks over what form a transitional government should take after the military deposed and detained long-time president Omar al-Bashir on April 11.

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Talks between the two sides collapsed when security forces stormed a protest sit-in on June 3, killing dozens and prompting concern from world powers.

James told the House Foreign Affairs Africa subcommittee that Washington believed the best possible outcome in Sudan was an agreement between the military authorities and the opposition Forces for Freedom and Change, or FFC.

The State Department appointed a veteran diplomat, Donald Booth, as special envoy for Sudan on June 10.

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James praised a mediation effort led by Ethiopia and said Washington had made clear “in very strong terms” that a unilateral military government would not be acceptable.

The United States sanctioned Sudan under Bashir over its alleged support for militant groups and the civil war in Darfur.

Trade sanctions were lifted in 2017, but Sudan is still on the US list of state sponsors of terrorism, which prevents it from accessing badly needed funding from international lenders.

Washington says Sudan will stay on the list until the military leaves power.

The military council has been bolstered by support from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, which between them have offered $3 billion in aid.

James said Saudi Arabia and the UAE had told US officials they wanted a civilian-led transitional government, because anything else would lead to broader regional instability.

Democratic Representative Karen Bass, the subcommittee’s chairwoman, said she and other lawmakers had planned to visit Sudan next week, but canceled the trip because they were told it was not safe.

Meanwhile, AP reports that Sudan’s military rulers have refused to agree on the Ethiopian proposal for a power-sharing agreement with the country’s pro-democracy movement in comments that could worsen a volatile standoff with the protesters.

Ethiopia has led diplomatic efforts to bring the military and protest leaders back to the negotiating table, after a deadly crackdown by security forces killed at least 128 people across the country earlier this month, according to protest organisers. Sudanese authorities offered a lower toll of 61 deaths.

Protest leaders had accepted the Ethiopian initiative.

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US State DepartmentOmar al-BashirSudanProtest