';
×
× Digital News Videos Opinions Cartoons Education U-Report E-Paper Lifestyle & Entertainment Nairobian Entertainment Eve Woman Travelog TV Stations KTN Home KTN News BTV KTN Farmers TV Radio Stations Radio Maisha Spice FM Vybez Radio Enterprise VAS E-Learning Digger Classified The Standard Group Corporate Contact Us Rate Card Vacancies DCX O.M Portal Corporate Email RMS
×

The men who bake up a 'blessing' in Tehran

By AFP | June 29th 2020 at 09:33:40 GMT +0300

This combination of pictures shows (top) bakers Amir Jafari, 58, and Mohammad Mirzakhani, 41, making Taftoon bread; and (bottom) bakers Mohammad, 30, and Ali, 21, making Sangak bread; at separate bakeries in Iran's capital Tehran. [AFP]

They bake what Iranians call "the barakat (blessing) of the table", and it is eaten for breakfast, lunch and dinner -- traditional breads are a staple of the Iranian diet.

Bakeries are easy to locate in urban centres of Iran where all one has to do is spot a queue spilling onto sidewalks or simply detect the irresistible scent of freshly baked flatbreads.

Exclusively the job of men in the Islamic republic, bakers get up well before the crack of dawn while everyone else is still asleep.

Dressed in all-white clothing that can include caps, they hail from across the country and are usually made up of ethnic Azeris, Kurds and Lurs.

SEE ALSO: Iran says misaligned radar led to Ukrainian jet downing

The baker moves and gesticulates constantly as he works in what resembles a dance in front of gas-fired ovens.

He takes a ball of dough and spreads it on a board before placing it on the inside walls of the glowing furnace using a long set of tongs.

Once they are done, the baker again uses the tongs to retrieve the bread, and hangs it on the wall or piles it up.

The walls around them are a patchwork of flatbreads in four different shapes and sizes -- barbari, lavash, sangak and taftoon.

But they don't stay there for long, as customers jostling near the entrance are eager to snap them up while they are still hot.

SEE ALSO: Time to rethink our farming models has come

A freshly baked Iranian flatbread usually accompanies a piece of feta cheese and sweet tea for breakfast or a plate of kebab for lunch.

Of the four main traditional types, sangak is the most popular and is seen as Iran's national bread.

It is made from wholewheat flour and topped with a sprinkling of sesame seeds and sometimes poppy seeds at the customer's request.

Baking in the time of corona

The coronavirus has also affected the bakers' profession like so many others, and their income has decreased as a result.

SEE ALSO: Debate on organic farming gets hotter as celebs join bandwagon

"At the beginning of the pandemic, some of our customers who had been quarantined bought ingredients from us to bake bread at home," said baker Esmail Asghari.

But making traditional bread at home is difficult, meaning customers were quick to return to their local bakery.

"During isolation, I made bread twice at home, but it didn't go well and I realised it wasn't a good idea!" said Negar Rezai, a customer clutching some sangak outside a bakery in north Tehran.

"We have bread for breakfast and dinner and often eat rice for lunch," adds the 50-year-old housewife.

In order to ensure hygiene, one baker has enforced the strict sanitary instructions imposed by the health ministry, including social distancing and use of bank cards instead of cash.

"We had a lot of difficulty during the fasting month of Ramadan," said Mohammad Mirzakhani, a 41-year-old taftoon maker.

"The line became long and many people did not respect (health) protocols."

The health ministry reported in January that on average Iranians consume 310 grams (nearly 11 ounces) of bread per day.

"Bread is the staple and the main food of our people," it said.

If eating bread is a choice for some, it remains an obligation for others who can't afford rice, another staple food in Iran.

"Rice has recently become so expensive that we can no longer eat it regularly," said Mirzakhani. "We now eat most of our food with bread."


barakat Baking Iran Food
Share this story

Read More

Feedback