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ELECTION 2022

Burkina Faso ruling party: president survived assassination attempt amid 'coup'

AFRICA
By Reuters | Jan 24th 2022 | 3 min read

Bullet holes are seen in a car that belongs to the presidency following heavy gunfire near president Roch Kabore [INSET] residence in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso January 24, 2022. [Reuters]

Burkina Faso's ruling party said on Monday President Roch Kabore had survived an assassination attempt, adding that what began as a mutiny by some soldiers on Sunday was rapidly evolving into a coup.

Kabore has not appeared in public since heavy gunfire erupted at military camps on Sunday when soldiers demanded more support for their fight against Islamist militants. The government initially denied that the army had seized power. read more

"What appeared to be a simple mutiny launched by some elements in the army on 23 January is evolving, hour by hour, into a military coup against our hard-fought democracy," the People's Movement for Progress (MPP) said in a statement.

It said there had been an aborted attempt to assassinate Kabore, giving no further details. It also said the president's private residence had been sacked, and national TV and radio were being occupied.

The African Union and the West African bloc ECOWAS both condemned what they called an attempted coup in Burkina Faso, saying they held the military responsible for Kabore's safety.

A Twitter post from Kabore's account called on those who had taken up arms - an apparent reference to mutinous soldiers - to lay them down. Reuters could not independently verify if Kabore was the author.

"Our nation is going through difficult moments. We must at this precise moment safeguard our democratic norms," said the post, which was signed RK. "I invite those who have taken up arms to lay them down in the higher interest of the nation."

Following heavy gunfire overnight around Kabore's residence in the capital Ouagadougou, four security sources and one diplomat told Reuters the president was being detained by mutinous soldiers at an army camp. However, two other security sources, including one close to Kabore, said he had been taken to a secure location for his own protection.

Reuters could not independently verify Kabore's situation.

Series of coups

Army putsches have toppled governments over the past 18 months in Mali and Guinea. The military also took over in Chad last year after President Idriss Deby died fighting rebels on the battlefield in the country's north. read more

Landlocked Burkina Faso, one of the region's poorest countries despite being a gold producer, has experienced numerous coups since independence from France in 1960.

Islamist militants control swathes of it and have forced residents in some areas to abide by their harsh version of Islamic law, while the military's struggle to quell the insurgency has drained scarce national resources. read more

Several armoured vehicles belonging to the presidential fleet could be seen near Kabore's residence on Monday, riddled with bullets. One was spattered with blood.

Three armoured vehicles and soldiers wearing balaclavas were stationed outside the headquarters of the state broadcaster.

Government sources could not immediately be reached. Rumours circulated of an imminent broadcast by a military officer, but none had taken place by 1500 GMT.

The French embassy advised French nationals in Burkina Faso against going out during the day for non-essential reasons, or at all at night, calling the situation "quite confusing".

Two Air France flights scheduled for Monday night had been cancelled and French schools in the country would remain shut on Monday and Tuesday, it added.

Anger over Islamist violence

Kabore has faced waves of protests in recent months amid frustration over the killing of civilians and soldiers by militants, some of whom have links to the Islamic State and al Qaeda.

Some of the anger was also directed against former colonial ruler France, which has deployed thousands of soldiers in West Africa's Sahel region to combat the militants.

Protesters came out to support the mutineers on Sunday and ransacked the headquarters of Kabore's political party. The government declared a curfew from 2000 GMT to 0530 GMT until further notice and closed schools for two days.

Splits have emerged in Burkina Faso's armed forces before.

In 2015, an elite army unit arrested the interim president and prime minister of a transitional government that had been installed following the previous year's uprising that ousted veteran leader Blaise Compaore.

But forces loyal to the government then counter-attacked, overturning the coup in less than a week and allowing elections to go ahead later that year.

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