Africa urged to use home grown experts to set feasible goals
SEE ALSO :The value of a good reputationThe NDCs outline interventions each nation intends to use to reduce carbon emission. "Africa should have tailor-made tools for monitoring and report on the implementation of the Paris Agreement and NDCs," said Sanou, adding that African nations should not wait until March 2020 to start reviews of the NDCs, to prevent rushing over them as happened with the initial development process. James Murombedzi, a senior climate governance expert at the UN Economic Commission for Africa, regretted that African countries were spending up to 9 per cent of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on the NDCs, yet that was not catered for in their national budgets. "This is causing a budget crisis in many African nations," said Dr. Murombezi. The NDCs have further been viewed as overly ambitious. "Financing must be made available for the conditional and overly ambitious NDCs to be actualized. Yet financing has not been forthcoming from the heavy carbon emitters, calling for proper review and meaningful resource mobilization for the global goal to keep temperature rise below 1.5ºC to be realized," said Charles Mwangi, a climate enthusiast and observer at the COP25. The push now is for heavy emitters to increase their ambition. Many countries are behind schedule in the achievement of the pre-2020 strategies that focussed on finance, capacity building and technology transfer. These were supposed to enable the start of implementation after June next year, but this period will instead focus on the review of the NDCs.
SEE ALSO :It pays to put cash in empowering peopleThe Paris Agreement outlined and expects preparation, communication and maintenance of successive NDCs to meet set objectives. This year's UNEP Emission Gap Report 2019 shows that with the current commitments, there will be an increase of more than 3.2ºC of average global temperature rise. Speaking at the side event yesterday, Charles Mutai the Director of Climate Change, State Department of Environment, and who is also the chair of the Kenyan delegation in Madrid, outlined the country's effort to achieve its NDCs commitments. Dr. Mutai said devolution in Kenya would make it easier to achieve the NDCs, as many of the 47 counties had allocated between 1 per cent and 3 per cent to tackling the climate crisis. Roger Nkodo Dang, the President of the Pan African Parliament, focused on energy. "We are being discouraged from exploiting petroleum and transition to clean energy; but at what cost to our development," he posed. This also raised the question of the seriousness with which African Governments and the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) crying foul now, handle matters that have huge ramifications in their operations. "Africans left the formulation (of NDCs) work to politicians. We do not read," said Prof Dr. Muaiwia Shaddad of Sudan
SEE ALSO :KPA face an acid test in qualifiersHe was, however, countered by Mithika Mwenda, who insisted that the ills some African nations may have done should not stop the pursuit of the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. "The push must go on," Mithika said. "Many African countries are behind in the implementation of their NDCs because they are a result of consultants' work… consultants who have no clue what the reality on the ground is. Governments must remember we have adequate capacity for proposal and other document writing in Africa," said Mwanahamisi Singano of FEMNET, an African women's development network. Charles Tanui, an observer at the COP25, called for support of civil society organizations to be involved in research and formulation of key strategies, especially during the review of the NDCs. The side event was organized by Kenya, Ivory Coast and the Pan African Climate Justice Alliance.?
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