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What to know about sperm donations

 Both the donor and the receipient have to undergo given procedures before the insemination can happen (Shutterstock)

Sperm donations have existed for many decades in the medical industry much to the delight of couples struggling with reproductive health. It’s a process where a sperm donor provides his sperm at a fertility clinic, for artificial insemination of a recipient.

It’s a process that has given many recipients hope by allowing them to get kids of their own.

Sperm donation has different sides particularly when it comes to the donor and the recipient. There are certain procedures that they both undergo before the process begins.

Below are some of the important things to know about sperm donations if you’re considering going down that road.

Recipients can choose a known or unknown donor

At the fertility clinics, recipients are able to choose between known donors and anonymous sperm donors for insemination. Depending on what you are looking for, both have some advantages and disadvantages. For a known donor, the recipient is familiar with the donor and the child can easily identify the father. In any case, it makes it easier for the children to have some sense of belonging. If this isn’t something the recipient wants, they are free to select an anonymous donor.

It can be costly

The cost of donating and buying sperm at the clinic varies. Here in Kenya for instance, a donor can be paid an amount between Sh.10,000 to Sh.20,000 depending on certain factors. The recipient then buys the donation close to Sh.45,000. More fees are incurred when it comes to consultation charges, insemination treatments and implantation procedures. Since it’s not a straight forward process of donating and implanting, it can be quite costly especially for the recipient.

There are extensive screening processes

As we mentioned, the entire process is not so direct. It requires many steps and procedures before anything is approved. Part of that process is screening. This is where the sperms are checked for any diseases such as HIV, STDs and genetic irregularities that might be present.

The donor is also assessed medically for things like sexual history, family genetic history among other things that could potentially affect the sperm quality.

After a while, these donations are screened again to make sure everything is perfect.

Therefore the safest way is to use legal sperm donations rather than back door donations which are not well examined.

 There are ideals that have to be met before you are qualified as a donor (Shutterstock)
There are ideal donations

One thing that the clinics won’t tell you is that there are certain ideals and qualifications that they are looking for. Most women who opt for insemination often pick donations that are ideal in height, color and other factors. For that reason, clinics don’t just pick any donations thrown their way. In real sense, they are a business so they have to pick donations according to demand in order to minimize losses.

Your kids might track you down

These days, nothing is truly anonymous even when it comes to sperm donations. When you sign an anonymity form at the clinics, it doesn’t prevent your kids from being curious of who their father is. Technology is so advanced so donors are often surprised when some of their offspring come knocking at their doors on a random day. Things can go either way when this happens. It can be a very awkward experience seeing each other for the first time or a good experience when you don’t mind reuniting with your biological children.

So if you are considering being a sperm donor, this is a possibility.

In Kenya, sperm donations have been happening for a long time. Although the legal structures are not that stable when it comes to this, hospitals like the Kenyatta National hospital and Nairobi hospital can still carry out the procedure on request.


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