Octogenarian President Abdoulaye Wade, whose bid for a third term has brought violent protests to Senegal, faces a tough challenge from former ally and prime minister Macky Sall in the second round of voting on Sunday.
Wade fell short of a majority in the February 26 vote with 34.8 percent. Sall came second with 26.6 percent. The first-round candidates have now united behind Sall as has civil society group M-23, which has been calling on Wade, 85, to step down.
Campaigning for the second-round vote has been incident free after at least six people were killed in protests before the first round.
Wade hopes to extend his 12 years in power by wooing the many Senegalese who did not vote in February and by courting religious leaders who wield strong influence in the majority Muslim country. Senegalese people wait for a polling station to open in the second round of the presidential polls, in the capital Dakar on Sunday March 25, 2012. Photo:Reuters
Senegalese people wait for a polling station to open in the second round of the presidential polls, in the capital Dakar on Sunday March 25, 2012. Photo:Reuters
Poverty and mass unemployment remain the two main grievances against Wade, who came to power in 2000. He argues that he has done more than the rival Socialists did in the 40 years they ruled since independence from France in 1960.
Wade said during his last campaign rally in Dakar on Friday: "Poverty has been wiped out of Senegal, but I do not deny that there are some pockets in major cities. I'll take care of it after the elections."
Campaigning has been dominated by the row over Wade's legal right to seek a third term in one of Africa's stable democracies. His bid was endorsed by a Constitutional Council whose head he appointed.
Many voters now view Wade, elected enthusiastically in 2000, as yet another example of a long-serving African leader seeking to hang on to power.
Sall's manifesto includes a revamp of Senegal's outage-prone energy sector and renewed efforts to end a simmering rebellion in the southern Casamance region, once a tourist hotspot.
Sall, 50, is also hoping to lure voters with a promise to cut taxes on basics, such as rice, in a country where rising food costs mean some households spend half their income to ensure a daily communal bowl of rice and sauce.