The figures, from the Higher Education Statistics Agency, also showed more than 20,000 were still out of work six months after leaving university.
Overall the data showed 71% in work and a further 16% in continued study.
Universities Minister David Willetts said graduates were still doing better than people without degrees.
The figures showed 9% of new graduates were jobless six months after completing their degree in 2010/11.
This was the same proportion as the year before but almost double that for 2006/7 when the figure stood at 5%.
A further 5% were working in jobs such as labourer, courier, office junior, hospital porter, waiter/waitress, bar worker, cleaner or road sweeper - up from 3% five years ago.
The figures also showed a continuing rise in the numbers employed in sales and customer-service roles, such as sales assistant, market trader or call-centre staff - 20,675 (10%) of new graduates worked in these areas last year, a rise of more than 1,000 on the year before and up from 12,740 five years ago.
The figures showed the largest group, more than 47,000 people (23%), went into "associate professional and technical jobs", as nurses, paramedics, interpreters or laboratory technicians.
Just over 10,000 (5%) went into management and just under 37,000 (17%) entered professions like law and medicine.