Under the Act, an individual is not supposed to fund the party beyond 5 per cent of its total expenditure.
Funds from the State are only meant for purposes compatible with democracy and accounts of each registered political party will be audited annually by the Auditor-General.
Another daunting task is that political parties will have to maintain accurate and authentic record of membersâ register, party constitution, policies and plans, expenditure estimates, particulars of contributions and donations at their head office county offices.
Muturi says parties must make recruitment a continous process to avoid falling below the 1,000-member threshold in at least 24 counties.
"Maintaining functional branch offices is not also easy. The offices have to be truly functional because they are funded by taxpayer money," added Muturi.
Labour Party of Kenya leader Julia Ojiambo says parties will require high-level discipline to survive the stringent conditions.
"For my party, we are focused and equal to the task. There is no time to sit back because we have to strengthen it to leave a mark in the coming elections," added Ojiambo.
The Registrar can also deregister a party if it contravenes the provisions of Article 91 of the Constitution, fails to promote free and fair nomination of candidates, does not respect national values and principles of the Constitution and has participated in an electoral offence. The new Constitution further provides for either a coalition of parties or a merger of parties before or after an election.
Two or more parties can enter a coalition before elections by depositing the coalition agreement to the Registrar three months to an election date.
Two or more political partiers can also enter a merger, and the merger agreement deposited with the Registrar after 21 days of its signing. The merged parties stand dissolved after registration of the new party.
Major political realignments are expected after the April 30 deadline, and already, some of the parties awaiting issuance of registration certificates are scouting for those to enter pre-election alliances with.
Among some of the parties that have indicated they are open to pre-election alliances include Democratic Party, Ford-People, Labour Party of Kenya, Ford-Kenya, United Republican Party and Narc.